Doctors who are responsible for treating disorders of the male reproductive system, pelvic floor muscles, adrenal glands and the genitourinary tract are called Urologists. The sub-specialties within the field of urology include the following: female urology, oncology urology and pediatric urology. If you want to establish a career in this field, then read this article on how to become a Urologist in the U.S.

Should I Become a Urologist?

If you are adaptable, compassionate and have a notable interest in the field of medicine, then a career in Urology would be ideal for you.

Since Urologists are medical specialists, they have to meet the same requirements that Physicians and Surgeons have to meet. To familiarize yourself with these requirements, read this article.

Education Required Doctoral degree.
Training Residency/Internship.
Licenses/Certifications A license is required in order to legally practice medicine in the U.S.
Key Skills/Qualities Physical Stamina, Detail-Oriented, Dexterity, Patience, Leadership Skills, Communication Skills, and Problem-Solving Skills.
Annual Mean Salary (2019) – National $203,450 – Physician and Surgeons (All Other)
Job Outlook (2018-28) 7% (Physicians and Surgeons)

Career Outlook

According to the forecasted employment data published by BLS, Physicians and Surgeons will enjoy an employment growth of 7% from 2018 to 2028.

Steps to Become a Urologist in the US

Aspiring Urologists have to pass through the following stages:

    1. Complete a Bachelor’s Degree and Pass the MCAT

The first step involves attending a 4-year college and majoring in any subject of your choice. However, you will have to complete the pre-med coursework at the undergraduate level. Without completing the required pre-med training, you won’t be able to secure a spot in medical school. Moreover, you should begin preparation for the Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT) as soon as you are done with the medical pre-requisites. Make sure that you work extremely hard in order to get a stellar MCAT score.


    1. Attend Medical School

After passing the MCAT, you should apply to a 4-year long Doctor of Medicine (M.D) or a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O) program. Do keep in mind that medical school can be quite challenging. You will be required to take lecture sessions, lab sessions and will have to complete rotations in order to graduate from medical school. After completing the doctoral degree, you will be required to complete a urology residency.


    1. Get Licensed and Become Board Certified

After completing the residency training, you should appear for the licensure examination in order to get licensed. To find out more about the state-specific licensing requirements, you are advised to visit the state pages. Moreover, you can also become Board Certified by the American Board of Urology if you want to pursue your career in a particular subspecialty such as Pediatric Urology and Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery. The process of becoming certified involves clearing a series of exams.
After becoming licensed and Board Certified, you should make a CV and apply to Urology positions in private clinics and hospitals.

How Long Does It Take to Become a Urologist?

Urologists have to first complete a four-year long baccalaureate program before entering medical school. It usually takes four years to graduate from an accredited medical program. Individuals also have to complete a urology residency program after completing medical school. These programs usually take a minimum of five years to complete. Moreover, candidates have to satisfy certain licensing and certification requirements as well. Thus, it typically takes around thirteen years to become a Urologist.

What Are the Requirements for Becoming a Urologist

You will be able to work as a Urologist in the U.S. after:

  • Graduating from an accredited medical school with a doctoral degree.
  • Completing a Urology residency program.
  • Passing the medical licensing exam and becoming Board certified.

How Much Do Urologists Earn?

Separate wage statistics are not available on BLS. Therefore we will use the wage data of the broad category of ‘Physicians and Surgeons (All Other).’ It has been reported that the annual mean pay of Physician and Surgeons (All Other) was $203,450 in 2019.

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